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Tartalomjegyzék

ILLUSTRIOUS SONS FROM GUADALCANAL

Pedro Ortega Valencia

Although the name of this 16th century seafaring is on little people's lips, it's to him we owe that the name of our village appears in history books, novels and in a great deal of films. Ortega Valencia was one of the first European in crossing the Pacific Ocean. In 1568, under Álvaro de Mendaña's command reached an island of the Salomón archipelago, in the north of Australia, virtually on the other side of the world, which henamed with the same name of his native village, Guadalcanal. The fierce battle fought between Japanese and North Americans on this island during the Second World War, inmortalized its name forever.

Adelardo López de Ayala

Politician ans playwright who was born in Guadalcanal in 1828. As a politician he stood out because of his liberal tendency. He was a government minister several times and contributed to the fall of the Elisabeth the Second's Monarchy in 1868. As a literary person, his work falls within the context of the realist movement, his most noteworthy works are: El tejado de vidrio ( the glass roof) El tanto por ciento ( a percentage) and El nuevo don Juan ( the new don Juan)

Vicente Amigo

The lastest celebrity from Gudalcanal is this young man, born in 1967. He's an acclaimed flamenco guitarrist. His name is essential to understand the modern and revitalizing flamenco. He's worked with the main important flamenco figures  Paco de Lucía or Camarón- and he'ss opened this music up to other styles taking part in works of artists as different as Milton Nascimento or David Bowie. Many of his records like  „Poetas" (Poets) or  „Vivencias imaginadas" ( Dreamed experiences) have got the most important prizes by critics.

 

FAMOUS FIGURES FROM SEVILLE

Although there are many sons from this city who deserve fame and acknowledgment, in and out of Spain, we're going to quote only some of those ones whose figure is really important to the occidental history and culture.

From the Ancient Times we have to mention the Roman Emperors: Trajan (98-117 a. C.) and Hadrian (117-135 a.C.), under his government's command, the Roman Empire got its largest expanse and prosperity. Both of them are from Italic, the first Roman colony in the ancient Hispania whose ruins we can still see near Seville.

In the present city  „escudo" (badge) we can see Saint Isidore, of Visigoth birth, bishop in Seville in the 7th century. His work  „Etymologies" was considered to be in those dark centuries the summary of all human wisdom.

Very popular, although personal details aren't known, is Rodrigo de Triana, sailor in the first of Cristobal Colón who was the first one that sighted American continent's land in 1492, according to the tradition.

In the Plastic Arts aream we could quote a lot of artists but if we have to choose one of them, this one would be, without doubt, Diego Veláquez (1599-1660), outstanding figure in Baroque painting. Other ilustrious painters from Seville would be Murillo and Valdés Leal, also belonging to the 17th century.

A 18th century scientific, Antonio de Ulloa who in one of his all-around world travels advanced the theory of especies evolution which Darwin would develop a little later.

During the napoleonic wars the French unbeatable army suffered its first defeat against the Spanish army in the countryside is situated near the andalusian city of Bailén.The architect of the spanish victory was the sevillian General Castaños. The European armies were conscious, after this victory of the dropped spanish army, of Napoleon could be defeated. In the same armed struggle and rebelliousness context against the napoleonic army invasion, on May 2nd, 1808, the people from Madrid rise pu against the invaders. The soldier from Sevilla Daoiz had an outstanding prominence owing to his bravery and courage, in which he was killed, as well as a hundred of patriots from Madrid. The brilliant painter from Zaragoza, Francisco de Goya, inmortalized this rebellion in two of his most universal paintings  „ La Carga de los Mamelucos" y  „Los fusilamientos de la Moncloa".

The literary tradition of the city has been become apparent during centuries and it's difficult to choose an only name. From the 19th century we'll emphasize Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, a romantic writer. Antonio Machado (1875-1939) who was born in Seville but as well as so many illustrious men from his age, he had to die in exile out of Spain.

FAMOUS FIGURES WHO NEVER EXISTED

We would like to finish mentioning figures whose name will be forever attached to our city in spite of the fact that they are fictional characters, since popular writers and musicians opted Seville like a romantic and exotic background for their adventures. So we can mention „Don Juan' (Don Giovanni in the Mozart's opera) the ingenious seducer; the barber rogue Fígaro or Carmen, the heroine of Bizet's opera.